Our affordable veterinary clinics help you save significantly on the cost of vaccinations for your dogs, cats, puppies or kittens.
Dr Bob, Dr Leeza and their NC Registered Veterinary Technicians Kris and Sonia administer vaccines and microchips with no appointment and no office visit fees. Just show up during one of the clinics!
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Per Dr. Bob: Whether a pet receives a 1 yr or 3 yr vaccine, we follow the guidelines set by the State of North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services. In NC, dogs and cats can receive a rabies vaccine as young as 12 weeks old. If a pet has never had a Rabies vaccine, regardless of its age, it is only good for 1 year. Then each rabies has the potential of being good for 3 years and that depends on when they are due a booster. I have had a telephone discussion with the Asst State Veterinarian of North Carolina, and he clearly stated that ‘in the eyes of the state of North Carolina’, if a pet is even 1 day overdue, they are considered un-vaccinated, and need to receive only a 1-year booster. However, veterinarians in NC are allowed to create some “wiggle room”. At Carolina Value Pet Care, we have a “grace period” of 8 weeks, meaning that if a pet is more than 8 weeks overdue its Rabies booster, then we must start over again with a 1-year vaccine. Most veterinary clinics will allow a ‘grace period’ of ~2 weeks, and some vet clinics follow the state’s protocol and require a 1-year rabies booster if only 1 day overdue. That’s a good reason to keep your pet current with the Rabies vaccine, not to mention the concern for Rabies being a real problem in North Carolina now due to an abundance of raccoons, foxes, skunks, and coyotes. PRICING
CANINE FLU = CANINE INFLUENZA VIRUS (CIV)
JUNE 2017: With much concern over the recent news of the Canine Flu Virus outbreak, every animal shelter, every boarding facility, every doggy day care, every grooming facility, every pet store, every dog park, every veterinary hospital, every pet-friendly community event must be vigilant to this highly contagious, and potentially fatal disease. This is not a new disease at all, but the news of outbreaks comes along in cycles every few years as the virus mutates and changes. As I write this in June 2017, it has become a recent problem in several areas of North Carolina.
We offer a vaccine that is protective against the 2 known strains of Canine Flu: H3N8 and H3N2. The first time a pet is vaccinated against the viruses, a booster must be given in 2 to 4 weeks, then annual vaccines are needed for protection.
Here is the latest info from Dr Jill Richardson and Dr Justine Lee on the H3N2 strain of the Canine Flu:
Overview: In the spring of 2015, veterinarians in the Chicago area noticed an increase in the number of dogs coming into their clinics with signs of infectious respiratory disease. The disease was first thought to be due to Canine Influenza Virus, H3N8, which is a respiratory pathogen of dogs that was first isolated in Florida in 2004. However, subsequent testing conducted by the New York State Animal Diagnostic Laboratory at Cornell University and the University of Wisconsin Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory identified the outbreak was caused by an H3N2 influenza virus.
The H3N2 influenza virus is of avian (bird) origin and was first isolated from clinically ill dogs in China in 2006 and South Korea in 2007. This H3N2 influenza virus has been associated with severe respiratory signs and other clinical signs such as fever, reduced body weight, and pneumonia in dogs.
Prevalence: An H3N2 Task Force was created to track the disease throughout the nation. The first cases of Canine Influenza H3N2 in North America were identified by IDEXX from samples tested on March 4, 2015. One of the two positive dogs was from Chicago Illinois and the other was from Grand Rapids, Michigan. Since then, the virus has been confirmed in over 30 States.
In a study sponsored by Merck Animal Health, nasal and pharyngeal swabs were taken from dogs showing clinical signs of infectious respiratory disease throughout 2015 and submitted for analysis to the New York State Animal Diagnostic Laboratory at Cornell University. Of the over 1,500 screened sick dogs, 316 dogs tested positive for Canine Influenza H3N2 using a broadly cross-reactive matrix targeted assay. Other results showed that 178 dogs were positive for canine parainfluenza virus, 148 positive for respiratory coronavirus, 140 positive for pneumovirus, 69 positive for B. bronchiseptica, 22 positive for adenovirus type 2, and 11 positive for canine distemper virus. Twelve percent of dogs that tested positive for any pathogen were infected with two or more pathogens. 5.5% were co-infected with parainfluenza.
Clinical Signs: According to an informal survey conducted by Merck Animal Health, of 81 H3N2 confirmed infected dogs from the initial Chicago outbreak, the incidence of clinical signs was as follows: coughing (95%), lethargy (70%), inappetence (63%), fever (58%), nasal or ocular discharge (49%), gastrointestinal signs (27%), and pneumonia (20%.) The two most probable sources based on history and onset of clinical signs were doggie day cares (42%) and boarding kennels (40%) and clinical signs of illness were noted within 24-72 hours of potential exposure in 46% of the dogs.
Diagnosis: Since many other pathogens can cause similar clinical signs, this virus cannot be diagnosed by clinical signs alone. The best approach to diagnose cases of Canine Influenza and other infectious respiratory diseases is through nasal swabs (viral isolation and PCR) and serology. Nasal swab testing is recommended for dogs that have been ill for 3 days or less. There is less of a chance of finding viruses if the sample is taken past this time period.
Serology testing is typically recommended for dogs that have been sick for 21 days or more. This test checks for the presence of antibodies to Canine Influenza in the blood sample. If the blood sample is taken too soon (before the animal has had time to produce antibodies), the test may be falsely negative.
Treatment: Treatment is aimed at symptomatic and supportive care, including rapid identification and isolation, appropriate diagnostic workup (which may include radiographs, pulse oximetry monitoring, etc.), fluid therapy (to maintain hydration), broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy (for secondary bacterial infection), nebulization/coupage, anti-emetics (if vomiting) and monitoring. The use of antitussives is contraindicated in dogs with a productive cough or pneumonia. Evidence of hypoxemia (e.g., pulse oximetry reading < 92%) warrants hospitalization for oxygen therapy. With treatment, the majority of dogs respond well; however, a high morbidity is associated in dogs affected by CIV.
Management: There have been many accounts of kennels, doggie daycares, and veterinary clinics becoming overwhelmed with cases of H3N2 in their facility. H3N2 is considered highly infectious and according to a study conducted by the University of Wisconsin, dogs have been shown to shed H3N2 virus for up to 24 days. Sanitation and isolation procedures will help stop the spread but have no effect on the shedding. Dogs suspected to be infected should be isolated immediately and evaluated in a separate clinic room. After evaluation, the floors, walls, and tables in the room should be thoroughly disinfected with particular attention to areas that are frequently handled, such as doorknobs. Staff should wash their hands frequently with soap and water or disinfect them with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer after handling dogs.
Cats are also at risk for Canine Influenza H3N2. The University of Wisconsin recently discovered that several cats in an Indiana shelter with a H3N2 outbreak became ill with H3N2 despite being housed in separate areas than infected dogs. Clinical signs of H3N2 seen in cats are similar to those seen in dogs.
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